As an effect of the Treaty of Versailles (1918), Warsaw was re-established as the capital city of the current Polish nation-state. Styles selected for public and private commissions during the 1920s and 1930s range from historical to avant garde. The devastating impact of WW II on Warsaw means Warsaw is in large measure a city that is postwar as an estimated 85% of the city was destroyed. The rebuilding efforts encompassed both new construction and historical reconstruction. The architectural endeavors of the Socialist Realist period (1949-1956) provide powerful examples of architecture serving the state-imposed cultural policy first developed in the Soviet Union and after executed across the Eastern Bloc.
Constitution Square is unique among Warsaw’s many squares in that its structure is completely uniform, perhaps the only such central point instead of taking form, gradually and unevenly in the city constructed to create an imposing effect, through the powers of history. The square was built in the initial postwar years about the Marszałkowska street as a chief component of social realist urban endeavor, in line with the designs of Jankowski, Knothe, Sigalin and Stępiński. Should you look carefully, you’ll discover many fine aspects of Stalinist-era structure, like friezes showing ideal socialist workers, visible on the buildings leading north along Marszalowska street.
Along with the Palace of Science and Culture it was the principal architectural social realist investment of Warsaw in 1949-1956. Its name comes in the Stalinist constitution embraced in July 1952 in communist Poland. Architects envisaged the square to be the closing stage of First of May parades.